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Projects

    6.  Project Title:  

       Participatory National Integrated Water Management Programme 

1.    Project Description:  

      The overall goal of the project is to introduce package of technologies to judiciously utilize and manage the water resources of the country through establishment of pilot projects and dissemination of the research results to the farmers covering irrigated, rainfed, coastal, uplands mountainous, and AJK areas of the country. 

2.    Objectives:

    a.       Planning and implementation of pilot projects to introduce package of technologies for optimum utilization of available water resources in irrigated, rainfed, deserts, coastal and upland areas of country with farmers participation.

    b.      Demonstrate and disseminate water management techniques to the farmers through field visits to pilot projects, audio-visual material, handbooks and manuals.

    c.   Devise strategic plan to implement integrated water management programme throughout the country

3.    Impact of Project:

      The project would help identify gray areas of low water productivity and would evaluate and disseminate various technologies for appropriate use in various areas for better use and management of water resources. The impact of proposed technologies will be demonstrated to the farmers of the other areas through field days/visits. The project would help save water thus increasing cultivated area as well as production and to contribute in the economy of the country. During project implementation employment generation would be 12 personnel directly and about 50 indirectly.

           4.    Estimated Cost: 177.2 million

5.    Duration:             60 months

 

 

7.    Project Title:

Integrated Land and Water Management Studies for Agriculture Development in Pothwar Region

1.     Project Description:

       Pakistan is basically an agricultural country where out of 22 million hectares (Mha) cultivated land, about 25% area is rainfed and depends on rainfall directly or indirectly for crop production. Water is a scarce source due to various management problems and great difficulties arise in raising crops/plants due to uncertain water supplies. Most of the agriculture in these areas especially Pothwar Plateau, is practiced through obsolete irrigation and cropping methods. As a result, the crop productivity and water use efficiency are very low. Moreover, poor land and water management is also contributing in the degradation of natural resources where erosion of productive lands is a major threat. Various organizations have been involved in the area to enhance crop productivity. However, most of their research is of academic nature and/or in piecemeal efforts without proper dissemination to the farmers. This may be viewed from the fact that during the recent drought in the country, the Pothwar region was the most affected causing huge loss of crops and livestock. The project aims to assess the water resources and conduct research on integrated land and water management issues in Pothwar region and also extending research findings to farmers fields for dissemination and direct technology transfer.

2.     Objectives:

      The main objective of the project is to enhance agriculture productivity through integrated land and water management activities in Pothwar. In this regard, the following research and dissemination studies will be undertaken:

·        Assessment of water resources potential in Pothwar Region for sustainable management of water resources.

·        Evaluation of soil and water conservation activities for sediment control and land management for agriculture in Pothwar.

·        Evaluation and dissemination of integrated land and water management activities and pressurized irrigation systems by establishing a Research and Demonstration Centre in Pothwar. 

·        Demonstration of efficient land and water management techniques to the farmers by establishing pilot sites at farmers fields with their participation.

3.    Impact of Project:

     The research would be conducted close to the farmers’ fields with farmers participation The impact of improved technologies would be demonstrated to the farmers through field days/visits. The training of farmers in operation and maintenance of the implemented activities would help sustainable land and water resources management in rainfed areas. The results obtained from these studies would directly benefit the farmers and indirectly to the economy of the country by increasing crop production per unit of water used thus reducing the gap between demand and supply of water.

4.    Estimated Cost: 33.9 million

      5.     Duration:           60 months

 

8.    Project Title:

       Strengthening of PCRWR Regional Office Lahore for Undertaking Research on Irrigated 

1.     Project Description:

        PCRWR Regional Centre Lahore is mandated to undertake research on irrigated agriculture including efficient irrigation techniques and groundwater management activities. The centre has contributed in development and dissemination of water conservation techniques in irrigated areas alongwith local fabrication of crop and water instrumentation, and pressurized irrigation systems.

   The main objective of the current project is to strengthen the research and dissemination capabilities of the centre with the specific objectives of establishing a Field Research and Demonstration Centre to conduct research on various emerging issues of soil and water in irrigated agriculture. Further includes development of infrastructure for Soil and Water Testing Laboratories for which state-of-art equipment have already been provided.

       2.      Objectives:

             The main objective of the proposed project is to strengthen the research and dissemination capabilities of PCRWR’s Regional Office, Lahore. However, the specific objectives are:

·        To develop infrastructure for Soil and Water Testing laboratory at Regional Office, Lahore.

·        To establish a Field Research and Demonstration Centre to conduct research on various soil and water related issues of irrigated agriculture.

·        Evaluate various soil and water management techniques for efficient utilization of the available resources.

        3.     Impact of Project:

        All these activities would help undertake advance research and dissemination activities to cater emerging challenges in irrigated agriculture especially groundwater contamination, salinity and waterlogging, efficient irrigation techniques, wastewater management etc. The project would help identify gray areas of low water productivity and would evaluate various technologies for better use and management of water resources in irrigated areas. Since the research will be conducted close to farmers’ fields, it would help disseminate the outcomes rapidly. The results obtained from this study will directly benefit the farmers and indirectly to the economy of the country by increasing crop production per unit of water used thus reducing the gap between demand and supply of water. During project implementation employment generation would be 02 personnel directly and about 35 indirectly

      4.       Estimated Cost: 30.739 million

       5.       Duration: 48 months

 

9.     Project Title:

       Water Quality Monitoring in Rural Areas of Pakistan and Installation of Low Cost Water Conditioning & Filtration Units

 1.     Project Description:

       After the successful establishment of water quality monitoring network in urban areas, a program has been designed to extend this monitoring to the rural areas holding about 65% population of the country.  The main objectives of the project are: to establish permanent water quality monitoring network in rural areas to monitor changes in drinking water quality, groundwater levels and document existing sewage disposal practices and to suggest remedial measures for improving the quality of water for various uses. Further on the basis of available information about quality of drinking water, water conditioning and filtration unit will be designed and installed for the provision of safe drinking water in problem areas.

      2.     Objectives:

   ·        To establish permanent water quality monitoring network in rural areas to monitor changes in drinking water quality, groundwater levels and document existing sewage disposal practices.

    ·        To suggest remedial measures for improving the quality of water for various uses.

   ·        To design and install water conditioning and filtration units for the provision of safe drinking water.

   ·        To setup a computer data base and link with data base of National Water Quality Monitoring Programme for preparing national water quality map using GIS facilities.

 3.     Impact of Project:

    The project would help identify quality status of water sources for drinking and associated uses in rural areas of the country covering 55 tehsils. This is important to suggest and take necessary remedial measures for providing safe drinking water. To ensure safe supply of drinking water, it has also been planned to design and install pilot low cost water filtration and conditioning units in the problem areas in collaboration with local governments and non-governmental organizations. The safe availability of water would help reduce incidence of water borne diseases and extra expenditure in health sector resulting overall improvement in socio-economic of the country.

 

4.       Estimated Cost: 38.71 million

     5.     Duration: 60 months

 

     10.       Project Title:

                Result Oriented Short Term Research Studies to Improve Water Resources of Mountainous Area

1.    Project Description:

       The mountainous areas of Pakistan especially the glacerised areas play a key role in the supply of water to the Indus River System. The depleting water availability is becoming a serious problem for the inhabitants of glacerised and mountainous areas. The current water stress situation in the country demand immediate attention to these areas. The project is imperative to prevent the expected human migration, save the flora and fauna and improve the water resources in the Northern Areas of Pakistan.

       The main objective of the project is to undertake various research and development activities for improvement of water resources of mountainous areas.

      2.    Objectives:

              The following studies are proposed to be undertaken under the Project:

           

·        Development and Propagation of Appropriate Water Harvesting Techniques in Swat Valley of Pakistan.

·        Development of Testing of Methodologies to Rejuvenation of Glaciers to Improve the Frozen Water Resources.

 ·        Monitoring the Behaviour of Selected Glaciers.

 ·        Development of Snowmelt Stream Flow Relationships.

 ·        Improvement of Channels for Efficient Conveyance of Water in the Mountainous Areas of Pakistan

      3.     Impact of Project:

            The potential of water resources available in the uplands in the form of glaciers and snowmelt is being adversely affected by various man-induced activities such as deforestation, urbanization, changing global climatic conditions and mismanagement of the sources. The project activities would help enhance the potential of depleting glaciers by undertaking various technical and physical measures. Further efficient water management techniques and methods would also be introduced related to agriculture development. These activities would help sustainable management of available water resource in the country and consequential support to the nation economy

 4.     Estimated Cost: 28.01 million

       5.     Duration:            60 months