National Integrated Water Management Programme
1. Project Description:
The overall goal of the project is to
introduce package of technologies to judiciously utilize and manage the water
resources of the country through establishment of pilot projects and
dissemination of the research results to the farmers covering irrigated, rainfed,
coastal, uplands mountainous, and AJK areas of the country.
Planning and implementation of pilot projects to introduce package of
technologies for optimum utilization of available water resources in irrigated,
rainfed, deserts, coastal and upland areas of country with farmers
Demonstrate and disseminate water management techniques to the farmers
through field visits to pilot projects, audio-visual material, handbooks and
c. Devise strategic plan to implement
integrated water management programme throughout the country
3. Impact of Project:
would help identify gray areas of low water productivity and would evaluate and
disseminate various technologies for appropriate use in various areas for better
use and management of water resources. The impact of proposed technologies will
be demonstrated to the farmers of the other areas through field days/visits. The
project would help save water thus increasing cultivated area as well as
production and to contribute in the economy of the country. During project
implementation employment generation would be 12 personnel directly and about 50
Estimated Cost: 177.2
Duration: 60 months
Integrated Land and Water Management Studies for
Agriculture Development in Pothwar Region
Pakistan is basically an agricultural country where out of 22 million
hectares (Mha) cultivated land, about 25% area is rainfed and depends on
rainfall directly or indirectly for crop production.
Water is a scarce source due to various
management problems and great difficulties arise in raising crops/plants due to
uncertain water supplies. Most of the agriculture in these areas
especially Pothwar Plateau, is practiced through obsolete irrigation and
cropping methods. As a result, the crop productivity and water use efficiency
are very low. Moreover, poor land and water management is also contributing in
the degradation of natural resources where erosion of productive lands is a
major threat. Various organizations have been involved in the area to enhance
crop productivity. However, most of their research is of academic nature and/or
in piecemeal efforts without proper dissemination to the farmers. This may be
viewed from the fact that during the recent drought in the country, the Pothwar
region was the most affected causing huge loss of crops and livestock. The
project aims to assess the water resources and conduct research on integrated
land and water management issues in Pothwar region and also extending research
findings to farmers fields for dissemination and direct technology transfer.
The main objective of the project is to enhance agriculture productivity
through integrated land and water management activities in Pothwar. In this
regard, the following research and dissemination studies will be undertaken:
Assessment of water resources potential in Pothwar Region for
sustainable management of water resources.
Evaluation of soil and water conservation activities for sediment
control and land management for agriculture in Pothwar.
Evaluation and dissemination of integrated land and water
management activities and pressurized irrigation systems by establishing a
Research and Demonstration Centre in Pothwar.
Demonstration of efficient land and water management techniques to
the farmers by establishing pilot sites at farmers fields with their
Impact of Project:
would be conducted close to the farmers’ fields with farmers participation The
impact of improved technologies would be demonstrated to the farmers through
field days/visits. The training of farmers in operation and maintenance of the
implemented activities would help sustainable land and water resources
management in rainfed areas. The results obtained from these studies would
directly benefit the farmers and indirectly to the economy of the country by
increasing crop production per unit of water used thus reducing the gap between
demand and supply of water.
Strengthening of PCRWR Regional Office Lahore for
Undertaking Research on Irrigated
PCRWR Regional Centre Lahore is mandated to undertake research on irrigated
agriculture including efficient irrigation techniques and groundwater management
activities. The centre has contributed in development and dissemination of water
conservation techniques in irrigated areas alongwith local fabrication of crop
and water instrumentation, and pressurized irrigation systems.
objective of the current project is to strengthen the research and dissemination
capabilities of the centre with the specific objectives of establishing a Field
Research and Demonstration Centre to conduct research on various emerging issues
of soil and water in irrigated agriculture. Further includes development of
infrastructure for Soil and Water Testing Laboratories for which state-of-art
equipment have already been provided.
The main objective of the proposed project is to strengthen the research and
dissemination capabilities of PCRWR’s Regional Office, Lahore. However, the
specific objectives are:
To develop infrastructure for Soil and Water Testing laboratory at
Regional Office, Lahore.
To establish a Field Research and Demonstration Centre to conduct
research on various soil and water related issues of irrigated agriculture.
Evaluate various soil and water management techniques for
efficient utilization of the available resources.
Impact of Project:
All these activities would help undertake advance research and dissemination
activities to cater emerging challenges in irrigated agriculture especially
groundwater contamination, salinity and waterlogging, efficient irrigation
techniques, wastewater management etc. The project would help identify gray
areas of low water productivity and would evaluate various technologies for
better use and management of water resources in irrigated areas. Since the
research will be conducted close to farmers’ fields, it would help disseminate
the outcomes rapidly. The results obtained from this study will directly benefit
the farmers and indirectly to the economy of the country by increasing crop
production per unit of water used thus reducing the gap between demand and
supply of water. During project implementation employment generation would be 02
personnel directly and about 35 indirectly
Estimated Cost: 30.739
Duration: 48 months
Monitoring in Rural Areas of Pakistan and Installation of Low Cost Water
Conditioning & Filtration Units
After the successful establishment of water
quality monitoring network in urban areas, a program has been designed to extend
this monitoring to the rural areas holding about 65% population of the country.
The main objectives of the project are: to establish permanent water quality
monitoring network in rural areas to monitor changes in drinking water quality,
groundwater levels and document existing sewage disposal practices and to
suggest remedial measures for improving the quality of water for various uses.
Further on the basis of available information about quality of drinking water,
water conditioning and filtration unit will be designed and installed for the
provision of safe drinking water in problem areas.
establish permanent water quality monitoring network in rural areas to monitor
changes in drinking water quality, groundwater levels and document existing
sewage disposal practices.
To suggest remedial measures for improving the quality of water
for various uses.
To design and install water conditioning and filtration units for
the provision of safe drinking water.
To setup a computer data base and link with data base of National
Water Quality Monitoring Programme for preparing national water quality map
using GIS facilities.
Impact of Project:
The project would
help identify quality status of water sources for drinking and associated uses
in rural areas of the country covering 55 tehsils. This is important to suggest
and take necessary remedial measures for providing safe drinking water. To
ensure safe supply of drinking water, it has also been planned to design and
install pilot low cost water filtration and conditioning units in the problem
areas in collaboration with local governments and non-governmental
organizations. The safe availability of water would help reduce incidence of
water borne diseases and extra expenditure in health sector resulting overall
improvement in socio-economic of the country.
Cost: 38.71 million
10. Project Title:
Result Oriented Short
Term Research Studies to Improve Water Resources of Mountainous Area
The mountainous areas of Pakistan especially
the glacerised areas play a key role in the supply of water to the Indus River
System. The depleting water availability is becoming a serious problem for the
inhabitants of glacerised and mountainous areas. The current water stress
situation in the country demand immediate attention to these areas. The project
is imperative to prevent the expected human migration, save the flora and fauna
and improve the water resources in the Northern Areas of Pakistan.
The main objective of the project is to undertake
various research and development activities for improvement of water resources
of mountainous areas.
The following studies are proposed to be undertaken under the Project:
Development and Propagation of
Appropriate Water Harvesting Techniques in Swat Valley of Pakistan.
Development of Testing of
Methodologies to Rejuvenation of Glaciers to Improve the Frozen Water Resources.
Monitoring the Behaviour of
Development of Snowmelt Stream Flow
Improvement of Channels for Efficient Conveyance of Water in the
Mountainous Areas of Pakistan
3. Impact of Project:
The potential of water resources available in the uplands in the form of
glaciers and snowmelt is being adversely affected by various man-induced
activities such as deforestation, urbanization, changing global climatic
conditions and mismanagement of the sources. The project activities would help
enhance the potential of depleting glaciers by undertaking various technical and
physical measures. Further efficient water management techniques and methods
would also be introduced related to agriculture development. These activities
would help sustainable management of available water resource in the country and
consequential support to the nation economy.
Estimated Cost: 28.01